Samhain is an ancient Festival of Celtic origin, now celebrated by Pagan and neo-pagan groups, party which has remained in Western folklore with the name of Halloween traditions-English speakers, or celebrated as day of the dead in the Christian world.



“The Moon is tinged with the blood of our altars.
Animals and enemies are buried together with our ancestors.

Modern good era.

In the modern pagan Samhain system (as in antiquity) represents the new year people of Celtic origin.

In the new system wikka/Sun Festival Bardic symbolizes death and fall asleep of nature and then reborn from the womb of the mother, in this party placed in the traditional system the October 31 Wicca (modern bardici systems the holiday falls in October depending on certain lunations) are usually honored the death of male nature and remember the deceased/ancestors as in many traditional commerazioni of the dead with spontaneous prayers or cries deals.
In the modern era the holiday is celebrated with the name Christian instead of a mixture of Celtic and Christian customs Halloween which is articulated and svluppata in a separate Anglophone origin countries (first to Ireland then to america to return to Europe).

In ancient tradition

In ancient tradition Samonios (for continental Celts) Samhain (for those island regions), is the only clearly holidays carried as such in the Coligny calendar (samonios trinox-the three nights of samhain). The party indicates the transition between winter and summer geimhredh samradh, while in newer traditions (of Irish descent) would indicate the Party on the eve of November Oidhche Shamhna and the date of the last harvest.
In the Celtic tradition apparently very gory connotations could assume this party’s original, in fact it is known that were practiced rites by slaughtering (and according to some written ogamici maybe even human sacrifci) and traces of these practices remained in some medieval traditions where the villagers used to throw the bones of slaughtered cattle rituals on bonfires.
Although the practice can impress you should outline that even in modern times, during the period of November, many animals are slaughtered and then exploit the moisture of the season likely to mature and to preserve the meats, among the Celts this practice was probably ritualized (where he was the eldest son to be slaughtered) in respect of the animal soul, soul that according to the Celtic tradition on this night could penetrate easily between the worlds of the dead due to the rupture of the veil that separates the world between the living and the dead (this type of belief was widespread in all peoples of indo-European nature and relate similar practices in Vedic texts); a second consideration can be also the propitiatory feature where the blood of the victims was offered to Crom Cruach (head of the altar) an Irish deity abolished by Saint Patrick.
secondary influences
There is also a secondary non-Celtic tradition perhaps, British-Irish peoples, perhaps Pictish origins, in fact according to an intention to ogamica, on this night the Royal power (of the King) was suspended and undergoing a ritual death or perhaps dismissed.
that tradition could possibly be traced back perhaps the Picts the only European peoples of matristica line, however the sources are extremely scarce but there are sources on a sacrifice of an Irish King, Tigernmas sacrificed along with three quarters of his men to Crom Cruach samhain Eve.

In Europe?

In other European traditions (at the same time of year) we don’t have sources so direct about the night of samhain, but in Germanic traction exists the night of “chasing life”, according to which night the gods (Scandinavian) descending out of heaven for a hunt, in Christian times the figure of Odin was replaced by that of the devil … in spite of the Germanic tradition face dropped on the day of the hunt , on the winter solstice, the event may have inspired the idea of the Gash of the veil and danante souls who would go down to Earth to RAID the Arts (Celtic era) or dark houses (in Christian times).


"who did not come to Emain during the night of Samhain lost its reason. Was to raise the mound, his tomb and his tombstone in the morning "(" Ogam ", XI, 61)

This belief would then survived in folk traditions of North euoropa where Devils and evil spirits haunt the night all Saints Eve.


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