« Veit ek, at ek hekk vindgameiði á nætr allar níu, geiri undaðr ok gefinn Óðni, sjalfur sjalfum mér, á þeim meiði er manngi veit hvers af rótum renn.
Við hleifi mik sældu né við hornigi, nýsta ek niðr, nam ek upp rúnar, æpandi nam, fell ek aftr þaðan. »
(I know, I washanging from thetrunklashedby the windfor ninewhole nights, woundedwith a spear anddeliveredto Odin,myselfto myself,in that treethatnobody knows wherethe rootsisrising.With breadIwere satisfiedwith neitherhorns[Ireally hit me].I lookeddown, I madeupthe runes,asI did,andI fellapart.)
In Norse mythology, Odinwasthe sametoget the knowledgeofrunes,knowledgetransmittedthentoFreya,andHeimdallto humanity.
Howeverfirst findssuggeststhat the originsof the runesareto be found inItaly, dividingGreek-EtruscanoriginglhistoricalamongFinnishorigin;historical findsmake you thinkthenabout theoriginsof Northern ItalywhereCelticalphabetshave charactersRunic-likeas in the case of the famousRosetta Stoneto pay.
Aline offansinsteadwould underpinthat the originswouldbe soughtinindo-europe,unfortunatelythat viewmissesthe exhibitsand documentsin support of it.
From its origins to today
It is not knownhowtheItalian peninsulathe runesthenspreadthroughout Europe,howeverfollowing thetwo strands(Etruscan origin andFinnishorigin) and easyto assume thatin the case ofEtruscan originatthe upcomingCelticstep, the Celtsin turncontaminatethenomadictribesandspread theknowledgeof runesas far as Northern Europe.
However, followingtheFinnishdevelopmentsit is possible thatthe skilledPhoeniciansspreadanevolution of theiralphabet inallcommercialairports.
(noare as some Runic finds in Northern Europe relate to commercial practices).
After the subsequent diffusion of Runic system have evolved some distinct alphabets: ancient futhark (elder futhark), the Scandinavian futhark-futhark short-freshly futhark, Anglo-Saxon futhark, with even a more recent variant of medieval origin.
With the adventof ChristianitytheRunicsystemfell into decline,soppravivendoprobably asvulgar languagein peoplessubjugated,howeversome authorswould referthatin some traditionsofstregheriaRenaissance,also in Italy,waswidespreaddivinationwith runesandon pain of deathwho wasfound outaboutRunic knowledge…
In the modern erais not yet known,asand whenthe runescome backinto vogue(especiallydivinatorypurposes),but it’s easy toassumethatit was during theGermannational socialismwiththe exhumationofancientGermanicculture, evenRunic knowledgeexperienced anew birth.
There aredocumented casesof experiments conductedon therunesby theSS andHimmlerToExtersteineusing the“Stadhagaldr“(RUNICyoga)in order toobtain or create a Super-man.
Nextto theNaziera,the runeswere investigatedbynew-agecultureand oftenunfortunatelyaliento themmeanings, butenrichedwith numeroushistorical studiesconductedacross Europetoday are stillnoticeablein all their gloryancientwithout excessivesuperstructures.